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2022-08-06
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What are the signals of China's nuclear fuel industry opening to foreign investors for the first time

On June 30, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce issued the "negative list of foreign investment in the pilot free trade zone" by order No. 19. Among them, for the first time, the provisions on "prohibiting foreign investment in the smelting and processing of radioactive minerals and the production of nuclear fuel" were cancelled, which triggered a discussion on the nuclear circle. Take down the broken specimen and align the broken specimen to 1. Why is this ban cancelled at this time? What signals are released

China's nuclear fuel processing industry has always been a restricted area for foreign investment. In consideration of strategic safety, the Chinese government exercises strict control over the nuclear industry, and has always had more restrictions on investment, joint management and operation, and participation in Chinese nuclear energy enterprises

among them, "exploration, mining and beneficiation of radioactive minerals" is still a "blacklist" field for foreign investment until now; In terms of the construction and operation of nuclear power plants, China supports private and foreign investment in nuclear power plants, but cannot hold shares. Guangdong Daya Bay nuclear power plant is the first large-scale commercial pressurized water reactor nuclear power plant built in China with the help of foreign investment and the introduction of a full set of technical equipment and management. In addition, a few areas such as nuclear power equipment bidding and technical cooperation are open to foreign investment. The latest negative list continues the above policy (as shown below)

however, in terms of nuclear fuel processing, the latest negative list cancels the provisions of "prohibiting foreign investment in the smelting and processing of radioactive minerals and the production of nuclear fuel". Before that, China has always adhered to the policy of not allowing foreign investment to enter the nuclear fuel industry, and the domestic nuclear fuel supply has been controlled by CNNC. "Nuclear fuel has both military and civilian functions, and China must control it by itself," an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Sciences once told the media

the nuclear fuel processing industry was opened to foreign investors in the pilot free trade zone for the first time. What signal did it release

at present, China's nuclear power construction still lags far behind the development goal of nuclear power in the 13th five year plan (58million kW in operation and more than 30million kW under construction). Behind the huge plan, the demand for nuclear fuel supply has doubled. At the same time, by 2020, the annual output of spent fuel from nuclear power plants will also surge, exceeding 1000 tons. At present, "China's nuclear fuel cycle system and related preparation capabilities are relatively weak. China has only realized independent production in terms of whether the testing machine is normally closed to component manufacturing before the phase samples of the nuclear fuel cycle," according to insiders. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, China will focus on strengthening the research on spent fuel reprocessing technology to supplement the back-end short board of the nuclear fuel cycle

in addition, to achieve this ambitious goal, the total investment will be about US $100billion. Such a huge amount of investment scale, only relying on the national self raised funds, is far from meeting the progress requirements of nuclear power plants designed by the national nuclear power planning. Therefore, it is undoubtedly a shortcut to improve the level of China's nuclear fuel processing industry with the help of foreign capital and the introduction of advanced technology

in fact, as early as 2007, the relevant departments of China carried out research on the link of opening the nuclear fuel industry to private and foreign capital. The relevant departments are also revising and improving the Atomic Energy Law (Draft) and reporting it to the State Council in due course. It has been previously reported that China's nuclear fuel cycle management system will shift from planning to using more market means, and the policy of not allowing foreign investment to enter the nuclear fuel industry will also change in due course. Now the nuclear fuel processing industry is open to foreign investors for the first time in the pilot free trade zone. Perhaps it is just a signal that the effective protection of clamps and clamping surfaces should be carried out once a year. The time is ripe to "improve the level of China's nuclear fuel processing industry with the help of foreign investment and the introduction of advanced technology"

this policy may help the "landing" of the Sino French nuclear fuel cycle project

in the nuclear fuel industry, since 2007, Chinese and French enterprises have started to cooperate on a nuclear cycle project. After ten years of negotiation, the project finally signed a memorandum of agreement in January this year. On January 9 this year, CNNC announced that CNNC and France's new Areva group had signed a memorandum of agreement in the Great Hall of the people, but did not disclose the specific contents of the memorandum. According to the officials of the new Areva group, the projects involved in the memorandum are the Sino French cooperative nuclear cycle project. The news also quoted philippeknoche, CEO of the new Areva group, as saying, "CNNC and the new Areva group have accelerated their pace to reach a contract. Today we can see that they have achieved very positive results. I look forward to completing the negotiations as soon as possible and starting to implement this milestone project with our partners in 2018."

generally speaking, it is better to build a nuclear fuel cycle plant near the nuclear power plant to reduce uncertainties during transportation and save transportation costs. At present, the site selection of the Sino French cooperative nuclear cycle project is being carried out in Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces in accordance with the site selection requirements of the national nuclear project Turn on the power switch of the fuselage and start the aircraft in Jiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Gansu and other provinces. Among them, Guangdong, Fujian and Zhejiang are the places where the pilot free trade zone is located, and they are also the bases of China's nuclear power plants. This time, the fuel processing industry was opened to foreign investors in the pilot free trade zone for the first time, creating a good investment environment for foreign investors in terms of policy. Perhaps it is helping the Sino French nuclear fuel cycle project to complete the "last mile"

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